La Pista500: il nuovo giardino pensile sulla pista del Lingotto
Today, “making a city” entails symbolically and physically bridging the gap between nature and the built environment. Benedetto Camerana, an architect and landscape designer who is considered one of Italy’s Green Architecture pioneers, has created a big green graft on the rooftrack of a major structure in Turin, Italy’s historic industrial capital.
La Pista 500 transforms the old Fiat plant’s rooftrack into a sustainable oasis: a big linear garden with almost 40 thousand small trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants coexisting with the residents. The project promotes contemporary environmental principles by presenting solutions in the areas of ecology, energy conservation, and social responsibility.The park turns a private property into a public space where people can gather, exercise, meditate, and enjoy a spectacular view of the city and the surrounding crown of the Alps.
On Lingotto’s rooftrack, nature is gradually reclaiming places abandoned by man and creating what Gilles Clément calls “The third landscape”.
With this project, the past gives way to the future, and an element of industrial archaeology becomes a breeding ground for sustainability and inclusion.
New life for an identity landmark
Turin has always been a centre of invention and technology, as well as
a European leader in the automotive industry. Its cathedral was Lingotto, the historic headquarters of FIAT, which operated from 1923 to the early 1980s.
In 1994 the former factory reopened to the public as a large multifunctional structure, thanks to a recovery project by Renzo Piano. The new Lingotto offers work spaces, hospitality, commercial activities, events and cultural activities. A space that reclaims a prominent position, this time in the regeneration of former industrial areas.
Within the building, La Pista 500 stands out as the pinnacle of this process. The project boldly returns to Piano’s original concept of incorporating nature inside reinforced concrete, which he pioneered in one of the inner courtyards. In the words of Benedetto Camerana, “The park lands on the asphalt“ as if carried by the wind and colours the space at the centre of the test track with the nuances of the season. Just as it did on New York’s High Line, nature is already taking up residence among the exposed blue industrial pipes, by attracting dragonflies, hummingbirds and butterflies, thus creating a new wished-for biodiversity.
Innovation and care: the park’s spaces
La Pista 500 extends for 27,000 square metres of the rooftrack, with natural installations covering over 6,000 square metres, divided into twenty-eight green “islands”. These gardens of lush greenery and wild flowers blossom in large planters forming a naturalistic patchwork of colour, with seasonal variations as designed with Il Giardino Segreto.
Over 300 indigenous types take root in and around the ring, selected based on ecological criteria: the majority are herbaceous perennials that grow swiftly without requiring much water. Hazelnut trees, dyeing plants, and edible species alternate with areas for fitness, meditation, yoga, whereas the blue resin running track winds through the garden’s thematic regions and trails. Lighting by iGuzzini and infographics on Turin’s landscape and monuments further enrich this place — a legacy of the Agnelli family.
The memory of the test track for Fiat vehicles from the 1920s and 1930s lives on in the name of the project and in the kilometre loop with the two iconic parabolic curves, which will become a track for electric propulsion vehicles, as well as for bicycles and scooters.
Progetto: Benedetto Camerana (progetto del paesaggio, progetto architettonico e coordinamento, concept e direzione artistica)
Committenza: Stellantis Group
Localizzazione: Torino, Via Nizza 262
Procedura: Incarico diretto
Funzioni: Giardino pensile, parco pubblico
Collaboratori: Mattia Greco (capo progetto), Alberto Domini, Laura Acito, Gabriele Rossi, Antonio Pangallo, Andrea Tomasino.
Consulenti: Arch. Cristiana Ruspa (progettazione botanica e delle essenze) DROMO Engineering Architecture and Landscape (consulenza specialistica e certificazione Dekra) Ing. Guarino – Gierregi Ingegneria (progetto impianti meccanici e consulenza strutturale) P.I. Alberto Richiero – Gierregi Ingegneria (progetto impianti elettrici) Ing. Massimo Pasquero – Pi Greco Engineering (consulenza antincendio)
Impresa esecutrice: D’Engineering srl
Cronologia: Fase progettuale (dicembre 2019), fine lavori (settembre 2021)
Dati dimensionali: 27.000 mq. area totale; 7.000 mq. giardino pensile; oltre 100 specie; 45.000 piante inserite; 20.094 metri lineari di tubazioni per l’irrigazione e ala gocciolante